Everything you need to know about Scoliosis
Scoliosis is a spine disorder that causes an abnormal curve of the backbone, which usually looks like an ‘S’ or a ‘C’ shape. Although Scoliosis can be seen at any age, it is most common in girls those who are over 10 years of age, as compared to boys. Scoliosis can possibly be hereditary, as it is observed that the condition mostly runs in the family, but the severity of the curve from one generation to the next is unpredictable. Environmental factors can also lead to scoliosis. Other causes may involve a spine injury, birth defects or neuromuscular conditions.
There are four main types of Scoliosis:
- Idiopathic Scoliosis
In most cases, the cause of Scoliosis is not known. This type of Scoliosis is called Idiopathic. It is called an Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis if the patient is less than 3 years old, Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis if the patient is between 3 to 10 years of age and Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis when the patient is over 10 years old. Idiopathic Scoliosis is the most common type of Scoliosis and the majority of those who suffer from this spine disorder are adolescent girls.
- Neuromuscular Scoliosis:
Neuromuscular Scoliosis is also called Myopathic Scoliosis. In this type of Scoliosis, the bones of the spine fail to form completely. It can sometimes fail to separate from each other during the development of fetus. Neuromuscular Scoliosis can also develop in people with other disorders like birth defects, muscular dystrophy (group of genetic diseases that cause weakness and loss of muscle mass) and cerebral palsy (congenital disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture).
- Congenital Scoliosis:
Congenital Scoliosis is a rare condition which can lead to development of a long C-shaped curve and have weak muscles that are unable to hold them up straight. It is present from birth of the patient. Congenital Scoliosis is severe and needs spinal surgical treatments, compared to other forms of Scoliosis.
- Degenerative Scoliosis:
Degenerative Scoliosis is caused due to a side curvature of the spine. It is caused by degeneration of the joints and intervertebral discs. Degenerative Scoliosis occurs in older adults, unlike other types of Scoliosis that are found in children and teens. In adults, it is caused by changes in the spine due to arthritis known as Spondylosis. When the normal ligaments and other soft tissues become weak, it leads to an abnormal curvature of the spine. The spine can also be affected by spine disorders like Osteoporosis, vertebral compression fractures and disc degeneration.
Usually, exercises are recommended by doctors for mild to moderate Scoliosis. If these exercises are followed regularly, the curvature of the spine can be slowed down and the pain can be decreased. Flexibility exercises like yoga and pilates help to get relief from the pain and is also advised as part of a Scoliosis treatment regimen by the Orthopaedist. However, Spinal Fusion surgery is recommended by the Orthopaedist if the curves are much likely to progress, as some curves can also affect your breathing.
While spinal surgery is a serious surgical procedure, it can be opted with proper research, consideration and guidance of a trusted surgeon. If you’re seeking a spine surgeon, one such experienced and renowned spine surgeon in South India is Dr. Subodh M. Shetty. He is one of the best Degenerative Disc Disease Specialist in Bangalore. Dr. Subodh M. Shetty has expertise in treatment of spine disorders and surgeries like Spine Surgeries, Joint Surgeries, Lower Back Pain Treatment, Herniated Disc Surgery, Revision Spine Surgery, Spinal Cord Treatment, Sciatic Nerve treatment. He is the best spine doctor in South Bangalore and is a specialist in treating Slipped Disc problems of the neck and lower back using Minimal Invasion Techniques. He has also been treating Paediatric Spine problems with deformities, Traumatic Spine Infections, hunchback problems and performs Spinal Fusion Surgery with an excellent record.
Dr. Subodh M. Shetty can be available for consultation at SMS Spine and Ortho Clinic at Koramangala and Banashankari, South Bangalore. Apart from the clinic, he also practices in hospitals like Apollo Spectra Hospitals, SSNMC Super Specialty Hospital, Sagar Hospitals and ProMed Hospital. For further information on Scoliosis, Spinal Fusion surgery and other spine related disorders, please visit the website http://theorthopaedicclinic.in/spine-care/scoliosis/
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