Degenerative disc disease is one of the most common causes of low back pain and neck pain, and also one of the most misunderstood.
For a patient who is new to this diagnosis, common questions often include:
Simply put, degenerative disc disease describes the symptoms of pain and possibly radiating weakness or numbness stemming from a degenerated disc in the spine. While the definition sounds simple, many patients diagnosed with degenerative disc disease are left wondering exactly what this diagnosis means for them.
A diagnosis of “degenerative disc disease” is alarming to many patients because it sounds like a progressive, threatening disease. However, it is not really a disease, and it is not strictly degenerative:
While it is true that the disc degeneration is likely to progress over time, the pain from degenerative disc disease usually does not get worse and in fact usually gets better given enough time. Thedegenerative cascade theory explains how this process works.
Disc degeneration is actually a natural part of aging and over time all people will exhibit changes in their discs consistent with a greater or lesser degree of degeneration. However, not all people will develop symptoms. In fact, degenerative disc disease is quite variable in its nature and severity.
Finally, many patients are confused about degenerative disc disease because many medical professionals don’t agree on what the phrase describes.
In practical terms, this means that few health professionals agree on what does and does not constitute a diagnosis of degenerative disc disease. Even medical textbooks don’t usually attempt to give an accurate description. Therefore, while many practitioners believe that degenerative disc disease is a common cause of low back pain and neck pain in young adults, few agree on the implications.
While much is up for debate, a few aspects of the condition are known. This article provides in-depth information about aspects of degenerative disc disease based on commonly accepted principles, such as how a degenerated disc causes pain, and common symptoms and treatments.
It is important to note that disc degeneration can lead to or hasten the onset of additional spinal conditions, such as: